John 19 Commentary

John chapter 19 commentary Bible study

John chapter 19 commentary Bible study


John 19:6-11 Crucify Him
John 19:12-16 Pontius Pilate
John 19:17-18 Golgotha
John 19:19-24 King of the Jews
John 19:25-27 (A) His Mother
John 19:25-27 (B) Criminals on the Cross
John 19:25-27 (C) Father, Forgive Them
John 19:28-30 (A) Sour Wine
John 19:28-30 (B) It Is Finished
John 19:28-30 (C) Veil of the Temple
John 19:31-33 Broken Legs
John 19:34-37 Blood and Water
John 19:38-42 Joseph of Arimathea
John 19 Bible Study Questions (Handout)
JOHN 19:1  1 So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.

What does "scourged" (John 19:1) mean?
Jesus' back was shredded (see Roman Scourge).

JOHN 19:2  2 And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.

Why did the Roman soldiers put a "purple" (John 19:2) robe on Jesus?
Purple was the color of royalty; the purple dye, extracted from a shell fish, was rare and expensive (details).

Why did they put a twist "a crown of thorns and put it on His head" (John 19:2)?
To imitate a crown worn by a king.

What did they put in Jesus' hand?
"a reed in His right hand" (Matthew 27:29) to imitate a king's scepter.

Did they do the above to respect or mock Jesus?

JOHN 19:3  3 Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands.

Who did the above to Jesus and where?
The entire Roman garrison of Jerusalem, back inside the Praetorium: Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him. And they stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him. When they had twisted a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed the knee before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head (Matthew 27:27-30).

Where did Jesus feel the greatest physical pain?
Probably His back, which had been ripped to shreds (see Roman Scourge).

JOHN 19:4-5  4 Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.” 5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Look at the Man!”

What's wrong with Pilate's words in John 19:4 compared to what he did?
If he found "no fault in Him," he should have released Jesus untouched.

How did Jesus look to the Jews?
His face would have been covered in blood from "the crown of thorns" (John 19:5), and His body would have been dripping blood from His scourged back.

Why did Pilate turn into a bloody pulp a man whom he himself had declared innocent, and then showcase him to the crowd?
Pilate had tried the Herod card (see My kingdom is not of this world) and then the Barabbas card, but neither had worked. So he was trying the pity card to see if something just short of killing Jesus would appease the Jews.

Does it work?
Let's read on.