His Mother

His mother, Mary

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John 19 Bible Study
6-18 Crucify Him
19-24 King of the Jews

25-27 His Mother

28-30 (A) Father, Forgive Them
28-30 (B) It Is Finished
28-30 (C) Sour Wine
31-35 Broken Legs
36-37 Fulfilled Prophecy
38-42 Joseph of Arimathea
JOHN 19:25-27  25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

When Jesus told His mother, “behold your son” (John 19:26), to whom was He referring?
"The disciple whom Jesus loved” (John 19:26), which is John, the Gospel writer, who was standing by her.

What was the relationship His mother and John?
His mother was John's aunt, and John was His mother's nephew. That means John and his brother James were not only Jesus' disciples but also Jesus' half-cousins.

How do we know this?
John and James' father was Zebedee: "Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother..." (Matthew 10:2). Later in the Gospel of Matthew, the women near the cross are identified in the same context as in John above, but with slightly different information: "among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons" (Matthew 27:56). Mary Magdalene is mentioned in both accounts. The two other women are described as (A) "Mary the mother of James and Joses" and (B) "mother of Zebedee’s sons" in Matthew, but (1) "His mother's sister" and (2) "Mary the wife of Clopas" in John. "Mother of Zebedee's sons" means the wife of Zebedee, which means she can't be the wife of Clopas. Therefore, (B) wasn't (2), which means that (B) "the mother of Zebedee's sons" was (1) "His mother's sister." This may be why she had felt at liberty to ask special favors from Jesus: "Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Him with her sons, kneeling down and asking something from Him. And He said to her, “What do you wish?” She said to Him, “Grant that these two sons of mine may sit, one on Your right hand and the other on the left, in Your kingdom.” (Matthew 20:20-21)

So when Jesus told John to, "Behold your mother" (John 19:27), what was He saying?
He was telling John to take care of his aunt like his own mother.

What kind of shape must Mary have been in at this point?
Devastated, as any mother would be seeing her son reduced to a bloody pulp and nailed to a cross.

What did John do thereafter?
"And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home" (John 19:27), so Jesus may have motioned to John with His eyes and/or head to take her away to save her from the pain of watching the rest of His suffering and death.

Did Jesus say anything to any other human being while on the cross?
Yes, to one of the robbers next to Him: "Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, "If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us." But the other, answering, rebuked him, saying, "Do you not even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation? And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this Man has done nothing wrong." Then he said to Jesus, "Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom." And Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise." (Luke 23:39-43) The corresponding account in Matthew adds a little more color: "Then two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and another on the left. And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads and saying, "You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” Likewise the chief priests also, mocking with the scribes and elders, said, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the King of Israel, let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe Him. He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.'" Even the robbers who were crucified with Him reviled Him with the same thing." (Matthew 27:38-44)

Matthew says both "robbers" reviled Jesus, while Luke says just one of the two did. Which account is correct?

Both are correct. Jesus was on the cross for six hours: "Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him... And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice..." (Mark 15:25, 34) When first nailed to the cross, both robbers most probably lashed out in pain and rage at everyone in sight, including at Jesus, especially since they saw the chief priests and the crowd insulting Him. As time wore on, however, one of the two recognized Jesus as God by His grace and "rebuked" the other as above.

Where did the rebuker end up?
"In Paradise" (Luke 23:43).

What does that exemplify about baptism?
Being baptized is not a prerequisite for going to heaven.

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