It Is Finished!

Jesus said, "It is finished!"

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JOHN 19 BIBLE STUDY
6-18 Crucify Him
19-24 King of the Jews
25-27 His Mother
28-30 (A) Father, Forgive Them

28-30 (B) It Is Finished!

28-30 (C) Sour Wine
31-35 Broken Legs
36-37 Fulfilled Prophecy
38-42 Joseph of Arimathea

What happened from noon until 3 PM?
"Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land." (Matthew 27:45)

Was it an eclipse?
It couldn't have been, since the Passover was during full moon. The "darkness" may have had something to do with the sins from across the world and time being poured into Jesus.

What did Jesus cry out next?
"It is finished!" (John 19:30).

What was finished?
For 2,000 years since Jesus had passed through the blood of sheep, goat, cow, dove and pigeon to promise Abraham, the Jews had been sacrificing those five animals. After the temple was built, they were sacrificed daily, from 9 AM, which coincides with when Jesus was nailed to the cross, until 3 PM, when He gave up His breath, not because they paid for the sins of the people - "For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins" (Hebrews 10:4) - but to acknowledge God's promise to take them away. On this particular day, when the shofar - a ram's horn - was blown from the temple at 3 PM to sound the day's last sacrifice, Jesus cried out, "It is finished!" He had kept His promise. He had paid in full for the sins. Satan's grip on humanity had been stripped away. Countless souls had been saved. And when the priest's knife sliced through the throat of the last lamb, Jesus "cried out with a loud voice" (Luke 23:46). When the dying lamb's head slumped onto the altar in the temple, Jesus, "bowing His head" (John 19:30), whispered through His dying breath, "Father, 'into Your hands I commit My spirit.'" Having said this, He breathed His last. (Luke 23:46)

What happened in the temple at that moment?
"Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom." (Matthew 27:51)

Which way did it tear?
"From top to bottom."

So who tore it?
God the Father.

What did this veil enclose?
The temple's inner-most sanctuary, called "Most Holy Place," where once a year, one priest could go to be in the presence of God to burn incense for the nation: "Then the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the temple, to the Most Holy Place, under the wings of the cherubim." (1 Kings 8:6)

What did its tearing symbolize?
Sin had been blocking our way to God. Since Jesus removed that obstacle and cleared the way, we could now come into the presence of God at any time, anywhere and without going through a priest or any other intermediary.

What else happened?
"The earth quaked, and the rocks were split, and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many." (Matthew 27:51-53)

Why did these things happen?
The geological tremors were probably a sign of the creation reeling from the gravity of what had just happened to its Creator, while the opened graves and resurrected bodies attest to the life-giving power over death of Jesus' sacrifice.

How did those around the cross react?
They "beat their breasts" and many, including the executioners realized that they had just witnessed the execution of the Son of God: "And the whole crowd who came together to that sight, seeing what had been done, beat their breasts and returned." (Luke 23:48) "So when the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they feared greatly, saying, “Truly this was the Son of God!" (Matthew 27:54)

How about the members of Jesus' entourage?
They looked on from "afar": "And many women who followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him, were there looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons." (Matthew 27:55-56)

Who isn't named here who was named earlier?
Mary, the mother of Jesus.

Where was she?
John already had taken Mary "to his own home." (John 19:27) Mary never saw or touched the dead body of Jesus.

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