My Kingdom Is Not Of This World

Jesus declares, "My kingdom is not of this world."

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John 18 Commentary
John 18:2-9 Jesus of Nazareth
John 18:10-12 Judas' Kiss
John 18:13-24 Annas and Caiaphas
John 18:25-27 (A): Peter Denies Jesus
John 18:25-27 (B): Jesus' Trial
John 18:28-32 Praetorium

John 18:33-38 My Kingdom Is Not of This World

John 18:39-40 Barabbas
JOHN 18:33-36  33 Then Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered him, “Are you speaking for yourself about this, or did others tell you this concerning Me?” 35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?”  36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.”

Where does Pilate interrogate Jesus?
Inside the Praetorium, away from the Jews outside.

How does Jesus answer Pilate's question, "What have You done" (John 18:35)?
Strictly in the spiritual realm - “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.” (John 18:36) - while Pilate remains in the physical.

By "My servants" (John 18:36), is Jesus referring to His disciples?
No, the "more than twelve legions of angels" (Matthew 6:53) God the Father would provide if Jesus asked for them.

JOHN 18:37-38  37 Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.” 38 Pilate said to Him, What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.

Where is the answer to Pilate’s question "What is truth? (John 18:38)"
Standing in front of him: "Jesus said to him, 'I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.'" (John 14:6)

How did the Jews react to Pilate's declaration of Jesus' innocence?
Luke 23:5-16  5 But they were the more fierce, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place.” 6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean. 7 And as soon as he knew that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. 8 Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad; for he had desired for a long time to see Him, because he had heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by Him. 9 Then he questioned Him with many words, but He answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him. 11 Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 That very day Pilate and Herod became friends with each other, for previously they had been at enmity with each other. 13 Then Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, 14 said to them, “You have brought this Man to me, as one who misleads the people. And indeed, having examined Him in your presence, I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which you accuse Him; 15 no, neither did Herod, for I sent you back to him; and indeed nothing deserving of death has been done by Him. 16 I will therefore chastise Him and release Him.”

What are the Jews trying to do in Luke 23:5?
Pile on accusations.

What does Pilate pick up?
A loophole - a way out for himself. Deferring Jesus to Herod would be the first for his three attempts to avoid crucifying Jesus.

Where was Herod?
In his palace, which was the fortress at Jaffa Gate, Jerusalem's main western gate located about 15 minute walk west of Antonia Fortress.

Why did Jesus ignore Herod?
He didn’t want to stoop to his circus, and Herod didn't have the power to crucify Him.

Why did Herod send Jesus back to Pilate "arrayed in a gorgeous robe" (Luke 23:11)?
He was acknowledging Jesus to be a king, in jest, which Pilate appears to have appreciated: "That very day Pilate and Herod became friends with each other." (Luke 23:12)

What is wrong with Pilate’s statement in Luke 23:13-16?
If he found “no fault” in Jesus, he should have just released Him, not "chastise him," and then "release him".

Why did he offer to "chastise" Him?
Most probably to try to appease the Jews enough to make them go away.

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