John 19 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 19

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John 19:1-5 Bible Study

John 19:6-18 Bible Study: Crucify Him
John 19:19-24 Bible Study: King of the Jews
John 19:25-27 Bible Study: His Mother
John 19:28-30 Bible Study (A): Father, Forgive Them
John 19:28-30 Bible Study (B): It Is Finished
John 19:28-30 Bible Study (C): Sour Wine
John 19:31-35 Bible Study: Broken Legs
John 19:36-37 Bible Study: Fulfilled Prophecy
John 19:38-42 Bible Study: Joseph of Arimathea
JOHN 19:1-5  1 So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. 2 And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe. 3 Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands. 4 Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.” 5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!”

What's wrong with Pilate's words in John 19:4 compared to what he did?
If he found "no fault in Him," he should have released Jesus untouched, not have Him "scourged".

What does "scourged" (John 19:1) mean?
Gospels of John, Matthew and Mark all mention that Jesus was "scourged". The original Greek verb in John 19:1 is mastigoo, which is a general term that means to be whipped. But in Matthew 27:26 and Mark 15:15, the original Greek verb is the more specific phragelloo, which means to be whipped with the Roman flagellum.

What is a Roman flagellum?
It's a whip with two or three long leather strips attached to a short wooden handle. Knotted in along the leather strips are pieces of metal and bone that tear out flesh during the whipping, which ripped the victim's back from the neck to the buttocks to a pulp. It wasn't uncommon for the victims to die from the ensuing blood loss and/or shock.

After scourging Jesus , what did the soldiers do in John 19:2?
They mocked Him.

Why did Pilate so severely beat, and then showcase to the crowd a man that he himself had declared innocent?
He had tried the Herod card and then the Barabbas card, but neither had worked. So he was trying the pity card to see if something just short of killing Jesus would appease the crowd.

Did it work?
Let's read on.

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