John 19 Commentary

John 19 commentary Bible study

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John 19 commentary Bible study


John 19:6-18 Commentary: Crucify Him
John 19:19-24 Commentary: King of the Jews
John 19:25-27 Commentary: His Mother
John 19:28-30 (A) Commentary: Father, Forgive Them
John 19:28-30 (B) Commentary: It Is Finished
John 19:28-30 (C) Commentary: Sour Wine
John 19:31-37 Commentary: Broken Legs
John 19:38-42 Commentary: Joseph of Arimathea
JOHN 19:1-5  1 So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. 2 And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe. 3 Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands. 4 Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.” 5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Look at the Man!”

What's wrong with Pilate's words in John 19:4 compared to what he did?
If he found "no fault in Him," he should have released Jesus untouched, not have Him "scourged."

What does "scourged" (John 19:1) mean?
Gospels of John, Matthew and Mark all mention that Jesus was "scourged." The original Greek verb in John 19:1 is mastigoo, which is a general term that means to be whipped. But in Matthew 27:26 and Mark 15:15, the original Greek verb is the more specific phragelloo, which means to be whipped with the Roman flagellum.

What is a Roman flagellum?
It's a whip with two or three long leather strips attached to a short wooden handle. Knotted in along the leather strips are pieces of metal and bone that tear out flesh during the whipping, which ripped the victim's back from the neck to the buttocks to a pulp. It wasn't uncommon for the victims to die from the ensuing blood loss and/or shock.

After scourging Jesus , what did the soldiers do in John 19:2?
They mocked Him.

Why did Pilate so severely beat, and then showcase to the crowd a man that he himself had declared innocent?
He had tried the Herod card and then the Barabbas card, but neither had worked. So he was trying the pity card to see if something just short of killing Jesus would appease the crowd.

Did it work?
Let's read on.

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