John 17 Bible Study

John 17 commentary Bible study

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John 17 Commentary Bible Study


John 17:3-11 Bible Study: Eternal Life
John 17:12-19 Bible Study: Son of Perdition
John 17:20-26 Bible Study: Be One
JOHN 17:1-2  1 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, 2 as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

What "words" (John 17:1) had Jesus just spoken?
He had just told His disciples, "Indeed the hour is coming, yes, has now come, that you will be scattered, each to his own, and will leave Me alone. And yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me. These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world." (John 16:32-33)

What is Jesus doing in John 17:1?
After giving His final instructions and encouragements to the eleven remaining, true disciples, Jesus is now praying to God the Father.

What did Jesus do with His eyes when He began to pray?
"Jesus ... lifted up His eyes to heaven." (John 17:1)

Does the Bible mention Jesus or anyone else closing eyes in prayer?

So why do Christians today close their eyes and clasp hands for prayer?
To block out distractions, but also by tradition.

Should it be continued?
It can be, but isn't required.

What "hour" (John 17:1) had come?
The time had come for Jesus to die on the cross.

What does Jesus mean by "Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You" (John 17:1)?
God the Father and God the Son, Creator of the universe who needed nothing, chose to commission and obey, respectively, the Son entering our sinful world as a baby, living a sinless life, and then dying in pain and humiliation to pay the death penalty due for the sins of the people He chose to save. The magnitude of the Creator's sacrificial love for His rebellious creatures overwhelms the creatures' mental capacity and will receive glory for the rest of eternity.

Why is the glorification in John 17:1 circular?
God the Father and Son are in complete union.

Who has the authority over all human beings?
Jesus: "You have given Him authority over all flesh." (John 17:2)

Who gets saved?
“As many as” (John 17:2) the Father “has given" (John 17:2) to Jesus.

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