John 16:1-7 Bible Study
What did Jesus mean by "put out of the synagogues" (John 16:2)?
They will be rejected religiously, socially and economically not just in one town but everywhere (notice the plural) they go to preach the Gospel.
What else is Jesus saying will happen to them in John 16:2?
They won’t lose just their social and economic lives, but eventually their physical lives as well.
Is that what really happened to them?
Based on oral historical commentary, Andrew was crucified. Bartholomew was flayed alive. James the Greater was stabbed to death. James the Lesser was stoned to death. Jude was clubbed to death. Matthew was burned alive. Peter was crucified, presumably upside down, Thomas was speared to death and Simon was sawn in half.
Is it true that their killers thought that they were
offering "God service" (John 16:2)?
While we don't have records of the the mindset of their respective killers, history is full of people who killed thinking that they were offering God service. During the Dark Ages, the Crusaders killed untold numbers of Jews and Arabs in the name of God. During the Middle Ages, the Catholics killed untold numbers of Protestants and Jews in the name of God. And more recently, the self-declared Protestants of Nazi Germany killed 6 million Jews while wearing uniforms whose belt buckle bore the inscription, "Got Mit Uns," which means, "God With Us".
For a couple of reasons. For one, Satan kills three birds with one stone: instigate mayhem, dishonor God's name, and make people want to have nothing to do with what they think is the cause such mayhem. The other reason is that the people who were instigated by Satan "have not known the Father nor Me" (John 16:3), who is the Word of God. Had they read the Bible for themselves instead of blindly trusting their national and/or religious leaders who supposedly had read the Bible, they would have known that such killings go against everything Jesus did and taught.
Why would "sorrow" have "filled" (John 16:6) the disciples' hearts?
After having told them just before that one of them will betray Him, Peter will deny Him, and that He will leave them, which had already troubled them, Jesus was now saying that they will be rejected everywhere they go and end up getting killed.
Who is the "Helper" (John 16:7) Jesus will send after His departure?
The Holy "Spirit of truth" (John 16:13)
By "Helper," is Jesus calling the Holy Spirit His assistant, or someone who will help the disciples?
Parakletos, the Greek word translated, "Helper" in John 16:7 means someone who gives comfort or counsel, so Jesus is referring to the Holy Spirit's role to the disciples, not His position vis a vis Jesus. Jesus referring to the Holy Spirit as the "Helper" is all the more appropriate now since "sorrow has filled" the disciples' "heart" and they need to be comforted, and that need will increase in the coming hours.
How is it to the disciples' "advantage"
(John 16:7) that Jesus goes away and the Holy Spirit comes?
"Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?" (1 Corinthians 3:16) Having God dwell "in you" is even better than having Him next to you.