John 12:1-2 Bible Study
What is "Passover" (John 12:1)?
Passover is a feast that commemorates God's deliverance of His people from bondage in Egypt by pouring out His wrath on the land but 'passing over' and sparing those who were marked by the blood of a sacrificial lamb that had been killed. Read the earlier notes about Passover.
Where is "Bethany" (John 12:1)?
Bethany is a small village about two miles east of Jerusalem, past the Kidron Valley and on the southeastern slopes of the Mount of Olives. Bethany is still inhabited today.
Where did Jesus come from?
Most likely from Ephraim, where He had gone after raising Lazarus from the dead, which had triggered Sanhedrin, the Jewish rulers, to plot His murder: "Then, from that day on, they plotted to put Him to death. Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and there remained with His disciples." (John 11:53-54)
Was Jesus afraid of the Jewish leaders?
Jesus had scheduled His sacrificial death on the cross for this Passover and had known that raising Lazarus from the dead would prompt the Sanhedrin to issue His death sentence. With things put in order, Jesus had spent a few more days with His disciples in Ephraim. Now that Passover was at hand, He was headed to Jerusalem and spending a night in Bethany en route.