John 12 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 12

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John 12 Bible Study


John 12:3-11 Bible Study: Spikenard
John 12:12-19 Bible Study: Hosanna
John 12:20-26 Bible Study: The Hour Has Come
John 12:27-36 Bible Study: Glorify Your Name
John 12:37-50 Bible Study: Prophet Isaiah
JOHN 12:1-2  1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was who had been dead, whom He had raised from the dead. 2 There they made Him a supper; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with Him.

What is "Passover" (John 12:1)?
Passover is a feast that commemorates God's deliverance of His people from bondage in Egypt by pouring out His wrath on the land but 'passing over' and sparing those who were marked by the blood of a sacrificial lamb that had been killed. Read the earlier notes about Passover.

Where is "Bethany" (John 12:1)?
Bethany is a village located about two miles (3.2 kilometers) east of Jerusalem, past the Kidron Valley and on the southeastern slope of the Mount of Olives. Bethany is still inhabited, with a population of 20,000, and is now called Al-Azariya, which means "The Place of Lazarus" in Arabic.

Where did Jesus come from?
Most likely from Ephraim, where He had gone after raising Lazarus from the dead, which had triggered Sanhedrin, the Jewish rulers, to plot His murder: "Then, from that day on, they plotted to put Him to death. Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and there remained with His disciples." (John 11:53-54)

Was Jesus afraid of the Jewish leaders?
Jesus had scheduled His sacrificial death on the cross for this Passover and had known that raising Lazarus from the dead would prompt the Sanhedrin to issue His (Jesus') death sentence. With things put in order, Jesus had spent a few more days with His disciples in Ephraim. Now that Passover was at hand, He was headed to Jerusalem and spending a night in Bethany en route.

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