Passover

Passover Lamb

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JOHN 2 BIBLE STUDY
8-11 Master of the Feast
12 Jesus' Brothers

13 Passover

14-17 Jesus Cleanses the Temple
18-25 Destroy This Temple
JOHN 2:13 13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

What is “the Passover of the Jews”?
Passover is a Jewish feast that commemorates God's deliverance of the Jews from bondage in Egypt and destruction of the idol-worshipping Egyptians who had enslaved the Jews and disobeyed God's commands to release them: ... ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’... (Exodus 12:27)

When is Passover?
Passover is the evening of the fourteenth day of the Jewish calendar's first month, Nisan, which typically falls on March or April in our Gregorian calendar: On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. (Leviticus 23:5)

Why is it called, “Passover”?
While destroying Egypt, the Lord passed over and spared the houses of the Jews that had been marked by the blood of the Passover lamb: 1 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. Ye may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 Now ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7 And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8 Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire - its head with its legs and its entrails. 10 Ye shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11 And thus ye shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So ye shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 12 ‘For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where ye are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. 14 So this day shall be to you a memorial; and ye shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. Ye shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.” (Exodus 12:1-14)

What was the requirement for the Passover lamb's condition?
It had to be “without blemish.” (Exodus 12:5)

What does the Passover lamb symbolize?
Jesus, who according to Hebrews 4:15 is the only one “without sin.”

What does the blood of the lamb symbolize?
The blood that Jesus shed on the cross to protect us from the wrath of God aimed at sinners.

Should the wrath of God target or pass over you?
 

Why?

 

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