Passover

Passover Lamb

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John 2 Bible Study
John 2:8-11 Master of the Feast
John 2:12 Capernaum

John 2:13 Passover

John 2:14-25 Jesus Cleanses the Temple
JOHN 2:13 13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

What is Passover?
Passover is a feast that commemorates God's deliverance of His people from bondage in Egypt by pouring out His wrath on the land while sparing those who were marked by the blood of a lamb that had been sacrificed: (Exodus 12:1-14): "1 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7 And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8 Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire - its head with its legs and its entrails. 10 You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11 And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 12 ‘For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. 14 So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance."

What was the requirement for the lamb's condition?
It had to be "without blemish" (Exodus 12:5).

What does the lamb symbolize?
Jesus, whom according to Hebrews 4:15 is the only one "without sin".

What does the blood of the lamb symbolize?
The blood Jesus shed on the cross to protect us from the wrath of God directed at sins.

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