Division of Abijah

What is the "division of Abijah"?

Division of Abijah
LUKE 1 COMMENTARY
Luke 1:1-4 Theophilus Meaning

Luke 1:5 Division of Abijah

Luke 1:6-7 Righteous Meaning
LUKE 1:5  5 In the days of Herod, the king of Judea, there was a certain priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah. His wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth.

Who was “Herod, the king of Judea” (Luke 1:5)?
See King Herod.

What is meant by Elizabeth being “of the daughters of Aaron” (Luke 1:5)?
She was a descendant of Aaron, who was the brother of Moses and whom God appointed to serve the first priest of the Jews.

What is meant by Zacharias being “of the division of Abijah” (Luke 1:5)?
Aaron had four sons. Two of them died without having children, but the other two produced many descendants. After crowning as his heir Solomon, who would build the temple of Jerusalem, King David chose 24 male descendants of Aaron to lead 24 clans or "divisions" of priests to perform the priestly duties, including the animal sacrifices, at the tabernacle of the Lord, and then at the temple after it has been built. All 24 divisions came to Jerusalem and served during the major feasts when the city filled with pilgrims and the number of animal sacrifices skyrocketed. In between the major feasts, the 24 divisions rotated, always in the same order, and took turns to come to Jerusalem to serve for a week, starting and ending on the Sabbath (the departing division performed the morning sacrifices from 9 AM to noon, and the arriving division performed the afternoon sacrifices from noon to 3 PM). Abijah was the "eighth" (1 Chronicles 24:10) of the 24 divisions, each of which in effect served for 2 weeks, as well as during the major feasts, per year. Both Elizabeth and Zacharias were descendants of Aaron and members of Israel's priestly clan.