Acts 2

Acts Chapter 2

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Acts 2

Acts 2:1-15

Acts 2:16-28 I Will Pour out My Spirit
Acts 2:29-32 Resurrection of Jesus
Acts 2:33-37 Right Hand of God
Acts 2:38-43 Repent Meaning
Acts 2:44-47 All Things in Common
ACTS 2:1  1 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

What is the "Day of Pentecost" (Acts 2:1)?
Also called the "Feast of Harvest" or the "Day of First Fruits," the Day of Pentecost was a feast celebrated 50 days after the Passover (pentekostos, the original Greek word, means 50th). During the Pentecost, the people brought as offering the first fruits of their grain harvest to thank God, as well as to express their trust that God will bless the rest of the harvest. Along with Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles, the Day of Pentecost was second of three major feasts that God commanded to be kept in the Old Testament.

Who were "they" (Acts 2:1)?
The "about a hundred and twenty" disciples, including "Peter, James, John, and Andrew; Philip and Thomas; Bartholomew and Matthew; James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot; and Judas the son of James," as well as "the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers" (see Sabbath day's journey).

What is meant by "one place" (Acts 2:1)?
Jesus had "commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem" (Acts 1:4), so they were in the city, but also gathered literally in "one place" in it.

ACTS 2:2-12  2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. 5 And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven. 6 And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language. 7 Then they were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, “Look, are not all these who speak Galileans? 8 And how is it that we hear, each in our own language in which we were born? 9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11 Cretans and Arabs - we hear them speaking in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.” 12 So they were all amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “Whatever could this mean?”

What did they hear in Acts 2:2?
"Sound... of rushing mighty wind"

Where did the sound come from?
"Heaven" (Acts 2:2)

What was the sound of?
The Holy Spirit, as Jesus had promised: "And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever - the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you." (John 14:16-17, see If you love me, keep My commandments)

What did they see and feel, and how did they end up?
"Divided tongues, as of fire" that "sat upon each of them." (Acts 2:3) They ended up "filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." (Acts 2:4)

What drew the "multitude"?
The disciples speaking in their "own language" (Acts 2:6)

What are the named places and people called today?
"Parthians and Medes and Elamites" are Iranians. "Mesopotamia" is Iraq. "Judea" is in Israel, while "Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia" are all in Turkey. Egypt, Libya and Rome are the same today, "Cretans" are from Crete, the Greek island, and "Arabs" are Saudi Arabians.

Why might the Holy Spirit have come on the Day of Pentecost?
As the day signaled the start of the grain harvest, He might have wished to signal the start of the harvesting of souls.

ACTS 2:13-15  13 Others mocking said, “They are full of new wine.” 14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words. 15 For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day.

To what did some of them attribute what they were witnessing?
The disciples being drunk: "They are full of new wine." (Acts 2:13)

What is "third hour of the day"?
Three hours from the start of the day, which was deemed to be 6am. Peter was saying that it's only 9 AM, which is too early to start to drink, let alone be drunk.

Why did the eleven other Apostles stand up with Peter in Acts 2:14?
Perhaps so that the crowd can see with their own eyes that they weren't drunk. Peter may have even pointed or gestured to them when he said, "these" are not drunk in Acts 2:15.

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