John 4 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 4

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John 4:1-6 Bible Study

John 4:7-19 Bible Study: Samaritan Woman
John 4:20-30 Bible Study: Place of Worship
John 4:31-42 Bible Study: God's Work
John 4:43-54 Bible Study: A Prophet Has No Honor
JOHN 4:1-6  1 Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John 2 (though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples), 3 He left Judea and departed again to Galilee. 4 But He needed to go through Samaria. 5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6 Now Jacob’s well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour.

Why did Jesus leave Judea?
Because His ministry was surpassing John's ministry, He knew that the Pharisees would soon be after Him.

Why would the Pharisees be after Jesus?
The Pharisees' claim to fame was codifying the laws that God gave to Israel via Moses into a dizzying array of do’s and don’ts, and then trying to keep them, or at least maintaining the appearance of it. In so doing, they lost sight of God’s original intent behind these Mosaic laws, became proud, judgmental and hypocritical. As we will see, they could handle neither Jesus' teaching nor His condemnation of their hypocrisy and erroneous theology, and sought to kill Him with increasing intensity.

Was Jesus scared of the Pharisees?
No, and He would eventually leverage the Pharisees' hatred of Him to bring about His own crucifixion. But the timing for that had to be precise and this wasn't the moment, hence His departure.

Where are "Samaria" and "Sychar" (John 4:5)?
Samaria was the region in the middle of Israel, between Judea to the south and Galilee to the north, and Sychar was a city in Samaria about 30 miles north of Jerusalem.

Who are "Jacob" and "Joseph" (John 4:5)?
The grandson and the great-grandson of Abraham, whom God had chosen from Ur, a city in what is now Turkey to found the Hebrew nation. Genesis chapters 12 to 25 describe what God did with Abraham, and chapters 25 to the end of Genesis describe what He did with Jacob and Joseph.

Why was Jesus "wearied" (John 4:6)?
It was about "the sixth hour" (John 4:6), meaning six hours from sunrise at 6am, hence noon. He probably had been walking all morning and the sun was hot at its zenith. The fact that Jesus got tired attests to Him having been fully man, as well as fully God, while on earth.

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