Judea

Land of Judea

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John 3 Bible Study
John 3:3-12 Born Again
John 3:13-21 Bronze Serpent

John 3:22-36 Baptizing In Judea

JOHN 3:22-24  22 After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized. 23 Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized. 24 For John had not yet been thrown into prison.

Where is "Judea" (John 3:22)?
Israel was divided into three regions back then. Judea was in the south and included Jerusalem; north of Judea was Samaria; and north of Samaria was the region of Galilee, which included the Sea of Galilee. After conquering Israel, the Romans created the Roman province of Judea, which included Samaria, Judea and Idumea, a non-Jewish region immediately south of Judea. So, "Judea" referred both to an Israeli region and to a Roman province that was about three times larger than Judea, the region. The "land of Judea" (John 3:22) refers to the region, so Jesus and His disciples had left Jerusalem but hadn't gone far.

Which John is baptizing?
John the Baptist, not the John who wrote this Gospel.

JOHN 3:25-28  25 Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purification. 26 And they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified - behold, He is baptizing, and all are coming to Him!” 27 John answered and said, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven. 28 You yourselves bear me witness, that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent before Him.’

What may the Jews have been trying to do John in 3:26?
It sounds like they were trying to incite John to jealousy.

How does John respond in John 3:27-28?
He puts them in their place, and himself in his place.

Who does John say is in control in John 3:27?
God.

JOHN 3:29-30  29 He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled. 30 He must increase, but I must decrease.

What is John saying about the "bride," "bridegroom," and his "friend"?
Weddings worked as follows in those days. After the marriage has been agreed upon, the bridegroom began to build a room for himself and his bride by adding three walls and a roof to one of the walls of his father's house. Since he also had to farm or work his trade full time, this construction took up to a year, during which time the bride and the bridegroom were "betrothed" to one another; a formal divorce was required to terminate a betrothal, which was more binding than today's "engagement". When the bridegroom had finished building the room, he came calling for his bride, hence the "voice" in John 3:29. A wedding feast would then ensue and he would take his bride to her new home to consummate their marriage. John is saying that Jesus is the bridegroom, those who believe in Him are His bride, and he is only a friend of the bridegroom. When the bridegroom comes calling for his maiden bride, any feeling for jealousy by his friend would be inappropriate. He should feel nothing but complete "joy" for his friend and his friend's bride.

Do all churches and Christian leaders today adhere to John 3:30?
Some if not many try to elevate their doctrines and traditions above Jesus, the Word of God.

JOHN 3:31-36  31 He who comes from above is above all; he who is of the earth is earthly and speaks of the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all. 32 And what He has seen and heard, that He testifies; and no one receives His testimony. 33 He who has received His testimony has certified that God is true. 34 For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure. 35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into His hand. 36 He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”

What has God the Father placed into Jesus' hand?
Everything, as per John 3:35

According to John 3:18 and John 3:36, what is the outcome of believing or not believing in Jesus?
He who believes "is not condemned" (John 3:18) and "has everlasting life." (John 3:36) He who does not believe "is condemned" (John 3:18) and "the wrath of God abides on him." (John 3:36) It's one or the other. There is no third option.

Which of the two options represents you today?
 

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