Judea

Land of Judea

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JOHN 3 BIBLE STUDY
3-12 Born Again
13 Son of Man
14-15 Bronze Serpent
16-21 John 3:16 Meaning

22-28 Judea

29-36 Bride and Bridegroom
JOHN 3:22  22 After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized.

Where is “Judea”?
Israel was divided into three regions back then. Judea was in the south and included Jerusalem; north of Judea was Samaria; and north of Samaria was the region of Galilee, which included the Sea of Galilee. After conquering Israel, the Romans created the Roman province of Judea, which included Samaria, Judea and Idumea, a non-Jewish region immediately south of Judea. So, “Judea” referred both to an Israeli region and to a Roman province that was about three times larger than Judea, the region. The “land of Judea” (John 3:22) refers to the region, so Jesus and His disciples had left Jerusalem but hadn't gone far.

JOHN 3:23-24  23 Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized. 24 For John had not yet been thrown into prison.

Which John is baptizing?
John the Baptist, not the John who wrote this Gospel.

Where are “Aenon” and “Salim” (John 3:23)?
Jesus was previously with John the Baptist at Bethabara, which is on the east side of the Jordan River (see John the Baptist). Since John is told that Jesus was with him “beyond the Jordan” (John 3:26, see below) - i.e., on the other side of Jordan River - Aenon was located west of the Jordan River, either on its west bank or by a spring with “much water” (John 3:23) further inland. If the latter, Salim was also located west of the Jordan River.

JOHN 3:25-28  25 Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purification. 26 And they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified - behold, He is baptizing, and all are coming to Him!” 27 John answered and said, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven. 28 Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent before Him.’

What may the Jews have been trying to do John in 3:26?
It sounds like they were trying to incite John to jealousy.

How does John respond in John 3:27-28?
He puts them in their place, and himself in his place.

Who does John say is in control in John 3:27?
God.

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