Simeon

Simeon in the Bible - Luke 2:25-35

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Simeon in the Bible
LUKE CHAPTER 2 COMMENTARY

Luke 2:25-35 Simeon

LUKE 2:25  25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.

What is meant by Simeon being “righteous”?
δίκαιος (dikaios), the original Greek word translated “righteous,” means “observing the divine law” or “keeping the commandments of God.” While no human being can do that with Godly perfection - “There is none righteous, no, not one” (Romans 3:10) - Simeon was a man who strove to obey the Lord.

What is meant by Simeon being “devout”?
ευλαβης (eulabes), the original Greek word translated “devout,” means “pious,” “God-fearing” or “reverent.” Simeon revered God.

What is meant by Simeon “waiting for the consolation of Israel”?
παρακλησιν (paraklesis), the original Greek word translated “consolation,” means “comfort,” as well as “appeal for help.” Israel had been conquered by foreigners, and the Jews suffering under their rule, including Simeon, were appealing to God to save and comfort them.

LUKE 2:26-33  26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple. And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus to do for Him according to the custom of the law, 28 he took Him in his arms and blessed God and said, 29 “Now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, Lord, according to Your word, 30 for my eyes have seen Your salvation 31 which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, 32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles and the glory of Your people Israel.” 33 And Joseph and His mother marveled at those things which were said about Him.

What was going to be done for Jesus “according to the custom of the law” (Luke 2:27)?
When Egypt’s Pharaoh continued to disobey God’s command to free the Jews, whom Pharaoh had enslaved, God struck down Egypt’s firstborn, both animals and people, but spared the Jews’ firstborn. Since then, all of Jews’ firstborn sons and animals were consecrated to God (see Presentation of Jesus), who commanded the livestock to be offered to Him as sacrifice but the sons to be redeemed by giving five shekels of silver to the Levites, who were the priests: “The first to open the womb of all flesh, whether man or beast, that they bring to the LORD, shall be yours; nevertheless the firstborn of man you shall surely redeem... And those to be redeemed, you shall redeem when one month old, according to your valuation, for five shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs.” (Numbers 18:15-16)

What are “gerahs”?
According to Exodus 30:13, one shekel = twenty gerahs.

What is the current value of “five shekels of silver”?
Five ancient shekels of silver were about 3.5 ounces or 100 grams of silver, which has been worth between $15 and $50 for the majority of the recent decades.

What is meant by “depart in peace” (Luke 2:29)?
Die in peace.

Was Simeon sick?
He may have been, and/or very old.

Why does Simeon sound emotional?
If you had the privilege of holding Jesus in your arms when He was a baby, how would you feel?

How does Simeon differ from Christians?
He met Jesus and died; we will die and meet Jesus, unless He returns before we die.

What is meant by “before the face of all peoples” (Luke 2:31)?
To be seen and made known to “all peoples” (plural), including “the Gentiles” (Luke 2:32).

Why did Joseph and Mary “marvel” (Luke 2:33) at what Simeon said?
To have a stranger recognize Baby Jesus as “salvation” (Luke 2:30) would have been surprising enough, but the speaker, a Jew, was proclaiming in the Jewish temple in Jerusalem that this salvation was for all peoples, including the Gentiles.

Why did Simeon, who had been “waiting for the consolation of Israel” (Luke 2:25), make a declaration about Jesus being the salvation to be revealed “to the Gentiles” (Luke 2:32)?
“The Holy Spirit was upon him.” (Luke 2:25)

LUKE 2:34-35  34 Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this One is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against, 35 that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed. And also, a sword will pierce through your own soul.”

Why will Jesus and His message “be spoken against” (Luke 2:34)?
If Jesus offers to improve the quality of people’s lives and claims to be just one of the many ways to heaven, sinners will welcome Him. But He will command repentance from sin and declare Himself the only way to heaven (see I am the way, the truth and the life), which unrepentant sinners will oppose.

Where will they end up?
They will “fall” (Luke 2:34) into hell, while those who repent and believe in Him will be “rising” (Luke 2:34) to heaven.

When will Mary’s soul be pierced?
When she sees Jesus beaten to pulp and nailed to the cross (see His Mother).

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