Judas in the Bible

John 14:15-21 If You Love Me, Keep My Commandments

John 14:22 Judas

John 14:23-26 Keep My Words
JOHN 14:22  22 Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, how is it that You will manifest Yourself to us, and not to the world?”

Who is "Judas (not Iscariot)" (John 14:22)?
Judas was a popular name back then until Judas Iscariot ruined its popularity. The "Judas (not Iscariot)" was another of Jesus' twelve apostles and was also called "Thaddaeus" and "Lebbaeus."

How do we know that?
When we compare the lists of Jesus' twelve apostles recorded in the gospels of Luke, Mark and Matthew below (the same name in different order are in the same color), the only name not repeated across all three gospels is that of this Judas / Thaddaeus / Lebbaeus, which is highlighted in yellow:

(Luke 6:13-16)   (Mark 3:14-19)   (Matthew 10:2-4)
"And when it was day, He called His disciples to Himself; and from them He chose twelve whom He also named apostles:   "Then He appointed twelve, that they might be with Him and that He might send them out to preach, and to have power to heal sicknesses and to cast out demons:   "Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first,
Simon, whom He also named Peter, and   Simon, to whom He gave the name Peter;   Simon, who is called Peter, and
Andrew his brother;   James the son of Zebedee and   Andrew his brother;
James and   John the brother of James, to whom He gave the name Boanerges, that is, “Sons of Thunder”;   James the son of Zebedee, and
John;   Andrew,   John his brother;
Philip and   Philip,   Philip and
Bartholomew;   Bartholomew,   Bartholomew;
Matthew and   Matthew,   Thomas and
Thomas;   Thomas,   Matthew the tax collector;
James the son of Alphaeus, and   James the son of Alphaeus,   James the son of Alphaeus, and
Simon called the Zealot;   Thaddaeus,   Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
Judas the son of James, and   Simon the Cananite; and   Simon the Cananite, and
Judas Iscariot who also became a traitor."   Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him."   Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him."


Why was the same man called by different names?
Names back then were more closely linked to the person's identifying traits than they are today, and people received additional names as their identifying traits changed and/or were recognized, hence Simon was also named Peter (above), and "Joses ... was also named Barnabas by the apostles (which is translated Son of Encouragement)" (Acts 4:36, see Barnabas).

What is Jesus' answer to Judas' question above?
See next page.