John 10 Bible Study

John chapter 10 commentary Bible study

John Chapter 10 Commentary Bible Study


John 10:7-11 I Am the Door
John 10:12-13 Hireling
John 10:14-21 I Am the Good Shepherd
John 10:22-29 Feast of Dedication
John 10:30-42 I And My Father Are One
John 10 Bible Study Questions (Handout)
JOHN 10:1  1 “Truly, truly, I say to you, the one not entering through the door of the sheepfold, but climbing up another way, that one is a thief and a robber.

To whom is Jesus speaking?
The you (John 10:1) is plural. This is the continuation of Jesus' words to the Pharisees recorded at the end of John chapter 9 (see Lord, I believe!). Jesus is beginning to speak to them using an analogy.

Who is the “thief and a robber” (John 10:1) in this analogy?
Satan or those who work for Satan.

JOHN 10:2-3  2 “But the one entering through the door is the shepherd of the sheep. 3 To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.

Who are the “shepherd” and the “sheep” (John 10:2)?
Jesus is the shepherd and His followers are the sheep.

Who is the “doorkeeper” (John 10:3)?
Pastors, elders and other Christian leaders who are supposed to guard and protect Jesus' followers on His behalf.

How much of the depiction above is figurative and how much of it is literal?
All of it is literal. Jesus is describing a sheepfold in a town, where the sheep of the shepherds visiting the town are kept together. When a shepherd is ready to leave the town, he returns to the sheepfold and calls out his sheep, who recognize his voice and follow him out through the gate, which the doorkeeper opens. Individual flocks in the region were not thousands of animals but small enough for the shepherds to know their sheep individually and even name them like we name our pets today.

JOHN 10:4-5 4 “And when he has brought out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. 5 And they certainly will not follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.”

Does the shepherd go before or after his sheep?
“Before” (John 10:4).

What does that express?
HIs confidence that his sheep “know his voice” and will “follow him” (John 10:4).

How will his sheep react when “strangers” (John 10:5) try to lead them?
They will not confuse the “voices of strangers” with the voice of their shepherd, and will “flee from” (John 10:5) the strangers.

What does this mean for the “Christians” who listen to and follow after false prophets?
They are not Jesus' sheep.

What was Jesus' message to the unbelieving Pharisees?
Their inability to hear or follow Him shows that they don't belong to God.

JOHN 10:6  6 Jesus spoke this parable to them, but they did not understand what it was that He was saying to them.

Did they understand His message?
“They did not understand what it was that He was saying to them” (John 10:6).

So, what does Jesus do next?
See next page.