Hireling

The hireling flees

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JOHN 10 BIBLE STUDY

John 10:12-21 Hireling

JOHN 10:12-13  12 But a hireling, he who is not the shepherd, one who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them. 13 The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep.

What is a "hireling" (John 10:12)?
Someone hired.

What does a hireling care about?
His own self-interest.

Who were the hirelings of the day?
The leaders of Israel.

Should Jesus' words have rung a bell by now with the Pharisees, who knew the Old Testament?
Yes, they should have remembered the prophecy given through the prophet Ezekiel: "And the word of the LORD came to me, saying, “Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD to the shepherds: “Woe to the shepherds of Israel who feed themselves! Should not the shepherds feed the flocks? Ye eat the fat and clothe yourselves with the wool; ye slaughter the fatlings, but ye do not feed the flock. The weak ye have not strengthened, nor have ye healed those who were sick, nor bound up the broken, nor brought back what was driven away, nor sought what was lost; but with force and cruelty ye have ruled them. So they were scattered because there was no shepherd; and they became food for all the beasts of the field when they were scattered. My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and on every high hill; yes, My flock was scattered over the whole face of the earth, and no one was seeking or searching for them.” ‘Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word of the LORD: “As I live,” says the Lord GOD, “surely because My flock became a prey, and My flock became food for every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, nor did My shepherds search for My flock, but the shepherds fed themselves and did not feed My flock” - therefore, O shepherds, hear the word of the LORD! Thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I am against the shepherds, and I will require My flock at their hand; I will cause them to cease feeding the sheep, and the shepherds shall feed themselves no more; for I will deliver My flock from their mouths, that they may no longer be food for them.” (Ezekiel 34:1-10)

JOHN 10:14-21  14 I am the good shepherd; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own. 15 As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep. 16 And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock and one shepherd. 17 “Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again. 18 No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This command I have received from My Father.” 19 Therefore there was a division again among the Jews because of these sayings. 20 And many of them said, “He has a demon and is mad. Why do ye listen to Him?” 21 Others said, “These are not the words of one who has a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”

What does he mean by “other sheep... which are not of this fold” who will also "hear My voice" (John 10:16)?
Gentiles who will believe in Him.

Who took Jesus' life on the cross - the Jews or the Romans?
Neither. Nobody "took" Jesus' life. He gave it voluntarily: "I lay down My life... No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself." (John 10:17-18)

What powers does Jesus have?
The power to lay down His life, and the power to "take it again" (John 10:18) through resurrection.

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