Sabbath Day's Journey

How Far Is A Sabbath Day's Journey?

Sabbath Day's Journey
ACTS 1 COMMENTARY ◄
Acts 1:10-11 Heaven

Acts 1:12-15 Sabbath Day's Journey

Acts 1:16-26 How Did Judas Die?
ACTS 1:12  12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day’s journey.

What is "a Sabbath day's journey" (Acts 1:12)?
A “Sabbath day’s journey” wasn't the distance a person could cover by journeying for a day; A "Sabbath day's journey" was a unit of distance, equal to about 2/3 of a mile (1 kilometer), that the Jewish leaders limited people to journey on the Sabbath, deeming journeying any further to be “work." Acts 1:12 isn't saying that the apostles respected this man-made law, but simply indicating the distance between Jerusalem and the mount called Olivet.

Where is "the mount called Olivet" (Acts 2:12)?
It is called Mount of Olives today and is located directly east of Jerusalem, across the Kidron Valley (photo).

ACTS 1:13-14  13 And when they had entered, they went up into the upper room where they were staying: Peter, James, John, and Andrew; Philip and Thomas; Bartholomew and Matthew; James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot; and Judas the son of James. 14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.

How many of the eleven remaining disciples were staying in the "upper room"?
All of them.

Who were the "women" in Acts 1:14?
They most likely included the "women" who had watched "from afar" Jesus' sacrifice on the cross: "There were also women looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome, who also followed Him and ministered to Him when He was in Galilee, and many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem." (Mark 15:40-41)

Who are "His brothers"?
See Jesus' brothers.

Doesn't John 7:5 say that Jesus' "brother did not believe in Him"?
Yes, but that was before Jesus' resurrection, after which "His brothers" may have been among the "over five hundred" (see Theophilus) to whom Jesus appeared. Later in Acts, we will learn that one of Jesus' brothers (biological half brothers since Joseph wasn't Jesus' father) had become one of the Christian leaders in Jerusalem (see James).

ACTS 1:15  15 And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples (altogether the number of names was about a hundred and twenty), and said,

How many disciples were there?
"about a hundred and twenty" (Acts 1:15).