Theophilus

Who is Theophilus in the Bible?

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Theophilus
ACTS 1 BIBLE STUDY ◄

Acts 1:1-3 Theophilus

Acts 1:4-9 Promise of the Father
ACTS 1:1  1 The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,

Who is "Theophilus" (Acts 1:1)?
Theophilus, whose name is Greek and means "loved of (philus) God (Theo)," was a gentile government official. The Bible contains two letters from Luke to Theophilus. His first is what we today call the Gospel of Luke. Luke's second letter to Theophilus is what we today call The Acts of the Apostles, and by the he wrote it, Luke and Theophilus may have become better acquainted since Luke addresses him simply as "O Theophilus" (Acts 1:1) after having formally addressed him as "most excellent Theophilus" to begin his first letter to him: "Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of those things which have been fulfilled among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you an orderly account, most excellent Theophilus, that you may know the certainty of those things in which you were instructed." (Luke 1:1-5)

ACTS 1:2-3  2 until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen, 3 to whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.

What does "taken up" (Acts 1:2) refer to?
Jesus' ascension to heaven, which we will read about shortly.

How long did Jesus stay on earth after His resurrection?
"forty days" (Acts 1:3)

How many people saw Him during those forty days?
"Over five hundred" as indicated in 1 Corinthians 15:3-6: "For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep."

What else did Jesus do besides "being seen by them" (Acts 1:3) during those forty days?
He spoke to them "of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God" (Acts 1:3). He walked with them: "Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them" (Luke24:13-15). He ate in front of them - When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet. But while they still did not believe for joy, and marveled, He said to them, “Have you any food here?” So they gave Him a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb. And He took it and ate in their presence. (Luke 24:40-43) -  as well as with them and even cooked them breakfast (see John 21:9-14 in Jesus). So it wasn't just some vision that the people saw. Jesus physically spent time with them.

Is there any other evidence of Jesus' resurrection?
See Resurrection of Jesus.

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