John 13 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 13

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John 13:1-2 Bible Study

John 13:3-20 Bible Study: Jesus Washes the Disciples' Feet
John 13:21-38 Bible Study: One of You Will Betray Me
JOHN 13:1-2  1 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. 2 And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him,

How long "before" (John 13:1) the Feast of the Passover was this?
This was the night before the Passover started.

How had Jesus known that "His hour had come" (John 13:1)?
It had been confirmed by the gentiles asking for Jesus just days prior (see The Hour Has Come).

Who is "Him" in John 13:2?
Jesus.

What is meant by the devil having already put the betrayal of Jesus into Judas Iscariot's heart?
Judas already had agreed to betray Jesus: "Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver. So from that time he sought opportunity to betray Him." (Matthew 26:14-16)

And what supper had just "ended" (John 13:2)?
The "Last Supper" described in Luke 22:14-20: "14 When the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him. 15 Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18 for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 20 Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.

When Jesus told the disciples to "take" the bread, saying, "This is My body which is given for you," and the wine, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you," was He telling them to eat His human flesh and drink His human blood?
Of course not.

How do we know for sure Jesus was telling them to eat bread and wine, not His human flesh and blood?
For one, His blood had not yet been "shed" so it couldn't have been in the cup, and Jesus went to the cross in an uneaten body with intact arms and legs. For another, Jesus described what they were to drink as "the fruit of the vine" (Luke 22:18), not human blood. Jesus was telling them to take the wine and the bread "in remembrance" of the sacrifice He was about to make on the cross "once" - "For Christ also suffered once for sins" (1 Peter 3:18) - not commit cannibalism, let alone make a weekly habit of it as some still insist.

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