John 10 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 10

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John 10:7-11 Bible Study: I Am the Door
John 10:12-21 Bible Study: Hireling
John 10:22-29 Bible Study: Feast of Dedication
John 10:30-42 Bible Study: I And My Father Are One
JOHN 10:1-6  1 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. 2 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. 3 To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4 And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. 5 Yet they will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.” 6 Jesus used this illustration, but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.

Who’s the "shepherd" and the "sheep" (John 10:2)?
Jesus is the shepherd and His followers are the sheep.

Who’s the "thief and a robber" (John 10:1)?

How about the "doorkeeper" (John 10:3)?
Leaders who are supposed to guard and protect Jesus' followers on His behalf.

What do you think of the depiction above? How much of it is figurative and how much literal?
All of it is literal. Jesus is describing a sheepfold in a town, where the sheep of visiting shepherds are kept together. When a shepherd is ready to leave town again, he returns to the sheepfold and calls out his sheep, who recognized his voice and follow him out through the gate, which the doorkeeper opens. Individual flocks in the region were not thousands of animals but small enough for the shepherds to know their sheep individually and even name them like we name our pets today.

What is the context of this passage?
It's the continuation of Jesus' words to the Pharisees at the end of John chapter 9. He is saying that their inability to understand or follow Him shows that they don't belong to God. Since they don't understand, He shifts to another analogy below.

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