Andrew, Peter, Philip, Nathanael

Jesus calling Andrew, Peter, Philip and Nathanael

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John 1 Bible Study
John 1:19-28 John the Baptist
John 1:29-34 Lamb of God

John 1:35-51 Andrew, Peter, Philip, Nathanael

JOHN 1:35-42  35 Again, the next day, John stood with two of his disciples. 36 And looking at Jesus as He walked, he said, "Behold the Lamb of God!" 37 The two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 Then Jesus turned, and seeing them following, said to them, "What do you seek?" They said to Him, "Rabbi" (which is to say, when translated, Teacher), "where are You staying?" 39 He said to them, "Come and see." They came and saw where He was staying, and remained with Him that day (now it was about the tenth hour). 40 One of the two who heard John speak, and followed Him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother.41 He first found his own brother Simon, and said to him, "We have found the Messiah" (which is translated, the Christ). 42 And he brought him to Jesus. Now when Jesus looked at him, He said, "You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas" (which is translated, A Stone).

Until what time did Andrew stay with Jesus that day?
The "tenth hour" (John 1:39) was the tenth hour from sunrise, which was set as 6AM, so they stayed with Jesus until 4PM.

Whose disciple was Andrew originally?
John 1:35 and 40 indicate that he was a disciple of John the Baptist.

What did John the Baptist do with Andrew?
Pointed out Jesus for him to follow.

JOHN 1:43-51  43 The following day Jesus wanted to go to Galilee, and He found Philip and said to him, “Follow Me.” 44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wrote - Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46 And Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him, and said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no deceit!” 48 Nathanael said to Him, “How do You know me?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.” 49 Nathanael answered and said to Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!” 50 Jesus answered and said to him, “Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree,’ do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And He said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.” 

What and where are Galilee and Bethsaida?
The body of water most often referred to as the "Sea" of Galilee" is actually a lake through which the Jordan River flows in northern Israel. "Galilee" (John 1:43) also refers to the region around this body of water, and Bethsaida, which means, "House ('Beth') of fish" is a fishing village on its north shore.

How do you think Andrew and Philip said what they said in John 1:41 and 45?
They were most likely very excited and said those words in raised voices. The Bible records events, including many that are highly emotional, in a dry, matter-of-fact manner. There is no embellishment or hyperbole, and this will become increasingly apparent as we progress through the rest of this Bible study.

What do you think of Nathanael's first reaction?
It was based on his preconceived ideas, his 'prejudices'.

How does Philip respond?
He told Nathanael to "come and see" (John 1:46) Jesus for himself.

How applicable is his advice for people today?
The vast majority of people who don't believe in Jesus base their beliefs or the lack thereof also on preconceived ideas. They may have heard people who claim to know the Bible talk about Jesus but they have never seen the evidence - the Bible - for themselves. They may have heard some movie critics but they have not watched the movie for themselves. To them, Philip's invitation to "come and see" Jesus - the World of God - for themselves applies as much today as it did to Nathanael two thousand years ago.

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