John 1 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 1

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JOHN 1:1-18 BIBLE STUDY

John 1:19-28 Bible Study: John the Baptist
John 1:29-34 Bible Study: Lamb of God
John 1:35-45 Bible Study: Disciples of John
John 1:46-51 Bible Study: Nathanael
JOHN 1:1-3  1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him not even one thing was made that has been made.

What claims are being made above about the “Word” (John 1:1)?
A.  The Word is someone who can be referred to as “Him” (John 1:3).
B.  He was “with God” (John 1:1).
C.  He “was God” (John 1:1).
D.  He existed “in the beginning” (John 1:1 & 2).
E.  Everything was “made through Him” (John 1:3).

Are these five claims internally consistent with the rest of the Bible?
Since John 1:1 talks about “in the beginning,” let's turn to the Bible's beginning - how God created the world in Genesis chapter 1 - and read verses 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24 and 26.

What are the second and third words in each of those eight verses?
“God said,” so according to the Bible, God created everything not with a wand or a snap of His fingers but through “Word” (John 1:1), hence “E” above.

When does Genesis 1 say the creation through His Word took place?
“In the beginning” (Genesis 1:1), hence “D” above.

What is the fifth word in Genesis 1:26?
“Us,” which means that whomever God is referring to is: (1) also God; (2) with God; and (3) someone who can be referred to by a personal pronoun, hence “A,” “B,” “C” above. So A, B, C, D, E above are internally consistent in the Bible.

To whom does the “Us” refer?
God the Father, God the Son (see John 1:14 below) and God the Holy Spirit.

Is the Holy Spirit mentioned in the Genesis passage above?
“And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.” (Genesis 1:2)

JOHN 1:4-5  4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not understand it.

What is the “darkness” (John 1:5)?
Our fallen world. It should be noted that οὐ κατέλαβεν (ou katelaben), the original Greek words translated “did not understand” (John 1:5), could also mean “did not overcome,” in which case “darkness” would refer to Satan's dominion, which could not overcome the “light” (John 1:5) that penetrated it.

JOHN 1:6-8  6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.

Is the writer of this Gospel referring to himself in verse 6 above?
No, he is referring to John the Baptist.

What role was John the Baptist sent to perform?
John 1: 7-8 state that he was to “bear witness of the/that Light.”

JOHN 1:9-13  9 The true Light that gives light to every man was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those believing in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

Who is the “Light” (John 1:7, 8, 9)?
John 1:10 onwards refers to the Light as “He” and “Him,” and states that the “world was made through Him,” equating Him to the “Word” above. So the “Word” above is now being referred to as the “Light.”

Where is this “Light”?
John 1:10 states, “He was in the world,” and John 1:11 states, “He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.”

What is “His own” in John 1:11?
The Israelites

Who can become children of God?
“Those believing in His name” (John 1:12)

JOHN 1:14-18  14 And the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 John testified about Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, 'He who comes after me outranks me, because He was before me.'” 16 And of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has made Him known.

What happened to the “Word”?
“Became flesh” - i.e., He became a human being - “and lived among us” (John 1:14).

What is His name?
“Jesus Christ” (John 1:17)

What further detail is given about His relationship with God the Father?
John 1:18 states that Jesus is the Father’s only begotten Son,” and μονογενὴς (monogenes), the original Greek word translated “only begotten,” literally means “one of a kind” - i.e., “unique” or “incomparable” - and NOT that God the Father existed before Jesus. In the “beginning” (John 1:1), Jesus, who is God the Son, already existed with God the Father.

How can A, B, C, D, E above be stated more precisely with these additional details?
A.  Jesus is someone who can be referred to as “He” or “Him.”
B.  Jesus is the only begotten Son of God the Father.
C.  Jesus is God.
D.  Jesus existed “in the beginning.”
E.  Everything was made through Jesus.

According to the Bible, Jesus isn’t a 30-year-old man who lived 2,000 years ago. The verses above state that Jesus is God who came to live with mankind in human form for about 30 years some 2,000 years ago, but always was and remains the Creator God.

Is that true?
The answer will become evident as we move through the Gospel of John. Please click on “Next” below.

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