John 1 Bible Study

John chapter 1 Bible study & commentary

John Chapter 1 Bible Study and Commentary


John 1:14-18 The Word Became Flesh
John 1:19-28 John the Baptist
John 1:29-34 Lamb of God
John 1:35-45 Disciples of John
John 1:46-51 Nathanael
John 1 Bible Study Questions (Handout)
JOHN 1:1-3  1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him not even one thing was made that has been made.

What claims are being made above about the “Word” (John 1:1)?
A.  The Word is someone who can be referred to as “Him” (John 1:3).
B.  He was “with God” (John 1:1).
C.  He “was God” (John 1:1).
D.  He existed “in the beginning” (John 1:1 & 2).
E.  Everything was “made through Him” (John 1:3).

Are these five claims internally consistent with the rest of the Bible?
Since John 1:1 talks about “in the beginning,” let's turn to the beginning of the Bible - in Genesis 1 - and read verses 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24 and 26.

What are the second and third words in each of the eight verses above?
“God said,” so according to the Bible, God created everything not with a wand or a snap of His fingers but through “Word” (John 1:1), hence “E” above.

When does Genesis 1 say the creation through His Word took place?
“In the beginning” (Genesis 1:1), hence “D” above.

What is the fifth word in Genesis 1:26?
“Us,” which means that whomever God is referring to is: (1) also God; (2) with God; and (3) someone who can be referred to by a personal pronoun, hence “A,” “B,” “C” above. So A, B, C, D, E above are internally consistent in the Bible.

To whom does the “Us” refer?
God the Father, God the Son (see John 1:14 in The Word Became Flesh), and God the Holy Spirit.

Is the Holy Spirit mentioned in the Genesis passage above?
“And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters” (Genesis 1:2).

JOHN 1:4-5  4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not understand it.

What is the “darkness” (John 1:5)?
Our fallen world. It should be noted that ου κατελαβεν (ou katelaben), the original Greek words translated “did not understand” (John 1:5), could also mean “did not overcome,” in which case “darkness” would refer to Satan's dominion, which could not overcome the “Light” (John 1:5) that penetrated it.

JOHN 1:6-8  6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.

Is the writer of this gospel referring to himself in John 1:6 above?
No, he is referring to John the Baptist.

What role was John the Baptist sent to perform?
According to John 1:7-8, he was to “bear witness of the/that Light.”

JOHN 1:9-11  9 The true Light that gives light to every man was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.

Who is the “Light” (John 1:7, 8, 9)?
John 1:10 onwards refers to the Light as “He” and “Him,” and states that the “world was made through Him,” equating Him to the “Word” above. So the “Word” above is now being referred to as the “Light.”

Where is this “Light”?
John 1:10 states, “He was in the world,” and John 1:11 states, “He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.”

What is “His own” in John 1:11?
The Israelites.

JOHN 1:12-13  12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those believing in His name, 13 who were born not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

To what does the “blood” (John 1:13) refer?
The bloodline of the Jews, who descended from Abraham.

What do “the will of the flesh” and “the will of man” (John 1:13) mean?
The human desire to have sex and the husband's desire for offspring.

But who can become children of God?
“Those believing in His name” (John 1:12).

And who can believe in His name?
The Jews believed that they were God's children by virtue of having been born Jewish. John 1 declares that God's children in fact are those who believe in the Creator God who came into the world (see next page), and the ability to believe in Him is granted by God Himself: born... of the will... of God (John 1:13).