Woman Caught In Adultery

Who was the woman caught in adultery?

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Woman Caught In Adultery

John 8:3-11 Woman Caught In Adultery

JOHN 8:3-4  3 Then the scribes and Pharisees brought to Him a woman caught in adultery. And when they had set her in the midst, 4 they said to Him, “Teacher, this woman was caught in adultery, in the very act.

Anything odd about their accusation against this woman caught in adultery?
If the woman was "caught in adultery, in the very act" (John 8:4), she wasn't caught alone. Where was the man who was caught committing adultery with the woman?

JOHN 8:5-6  5 Now Moses, in the law, commanded us that such should be stoned. But what do You say?” 6 This they said, testing Him, that they might have something of which to accuse Him. But Jesus stooped down and began writing on the ground with His finger, as though He did not hear.

What Old Testament law are the scribes and Pharisees referring to in John 8:5?
“If a man is found lying with a woman married to a husband, then both of them shall die - the man that lay with the woman, and the woman; so you shall put away the evil from Israel. If a young woman who is a virgin is betrothed to a husband, and a man finds her in the city and lies with her, then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them to death with stones, the young woman because she did not cry out in the city, and the man because he humbled his neighbor’s wife; so you shall put away the evil from among you." (Deuteronomy 22:22-24)

Why did they all of a sudden want Jesus' opinion?
They interrupted His teaching to try to trap Him and brand Him a false teacher in front of those gathered.

What’s the trap?
If Jesus doesn’t approve the stoning, He breaks the Jewish law cited above. If He approves it, He breaks the Roman law that prohibits Jews from carrying out capital punishment. Sounds like a pretty good trap.

What did Jesus write on the ground?
We don't know. He may have written something meaningful or just may have scribbled to make the men step closer to see what He was writing, thus drawing their eyes off the woman, who may have been less than fully clothed since she had been caught “in the very act.” (John 8:1)

JOHN 8:7-11  7 So when they continued asking Him, He raised Himself up and said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.” 8 And again He stooped down and continued to write on the ground. 9 Then those who heard it, being convicted by their conscience, went away one by one, beginning with the oldest even to the last. And Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. 10 When Jesus had raised Himself up and saw no one but the woman, He said to her, “Woman, where are those accusers of yours? Has no one condemned you?” 11 She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said to her, “Neither do I condemn you; go and sin no more.”

Who left first after hearing, "He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first" (John 8:7)?
The older ones

Why do you think?
They had accumulated more sins over their longer lives.

Why doesn't Jesus chastise the woman for her sin?
She probably lived through the scariest and the most shameful moment of her life. She was caught “in the very act” and dragged away by a band of men who wanted to kill her. She knew her sin and also Jesus’ authority over her.

How do we know that?
If she thought nothing of her sin or Jesus, she would have bolted the moment the last accuser left. Instead, she remained "standing" (John 8:9) and called Jesus “Lord.” (John 8:11) Throughout His ministry, Jesus chastised the Jews and others who thought they weren't sinful, but showed mercy to those who admitted their sins and sought forgiveness, and this remains unchanged today.

Did Jesus address the woman' sin nevertheless?
Yes, He told her to, "go and sin no more.” (John 8:11)

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