Acts 10

Acts chapter 10

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Acts 10

Acts 10:1-5

Acts 10:6-11 Simon the Tanner
Acts 10:12-15 Clean and Unclean Animals
Acts 10:16-23 Peter's Vision
Acts 10:24-33 Peter and Cornelius
Acts 10:34-35 Fear of God
Acts 10:36-48 Lord of All
ACTS 10:1-2  1 There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment, 2 a devout man and one who feared God with all his household, who gave alms generously to the people, and prayed to God always.

What is "the Italian Regiment" (Acts 10:1)?
σπειρης (speires), the original word translated "Regiment," meant one-tenth of a Roman legion, which at full strength had 6,000 soldiers, so a regiment, also called a "cohort," had 600 soldiers. The Roman army drew regiments from throughout its empire; the Italian Regiment was one drawn from Italy.

What is a "centurion" (Acts 10:1)?
Each Roman regiment/cohort had 600 soldiers who were organized into 6 "centuries" of 100 soldiers, comparable to a "company" in the modern army. A centurion was the officer in charge of a century of soldiers and therefore comparable to a company commander or captain in today's army.

What else is known about "Cornelius" (Acts 10:1)?
He was generous to the people and prayed to God of the Jews constantly, but was a gentile who had not been circumcised. Had Cornelius been circumcised, he would have been referred to as a 'proselyte' instead of a 'God-fearer': "one who feared God" (Acts 10:2). "All his household" (Acts 10:2) were also God-fearers.

What was Cornelius doing in "Caesarea" (Acts 10:1)?
Caesarea, the region's largest and the most strategic port city, was the capital of the Roman province of Judea, and therefore the home of the Roman governor and the home base of his military garrison.

ACTS 10:3-5  3 About the ninth hour of the day he saw clearly in a vision an angel of God coming in and saying to him, “Cornelius!” 4 And when he observed him, he was afraid, and said, “What is it, Lord?” So he said to him, “Your prayers and your alms have come up for a memorial before God. 5 Now send men to Joppa, and send for Simon whose surname is Peter.

What time did the angel come to Cornelius?
The hours were counted from sunrise, which was deemed to be at 6 AM, so "ninth hour" (Acts 10:3) was 3 PM.

Why did Cornelius call the angel, "Lord" (Acts 10:4)?
Used in the narrow sense, κυριε (kyrie), the original Greek word, refers to God. Used in the general sense, however, it addressed anyone whom the speakers wished to acknowledge as having authority over themselves. The sight and the first word of the angel of God were such that Cornelius, a Roman army captain, became "afraid" (Acts 10:4) and immediately expressed submission. 

Did God know about Cornelius' prayers and generosity?
He knew and remembered them: "Your prayers and your alms have come up for a memorial before God." (Acts 10:4)

Had the angel come to answer Cornelius' prayers?
He came to tell Cornelius to send men to fetch Peter, whom God will use to deal with his prayers.

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