Shepherds and Angels

Shepherds and Angels - Luke 2

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Shepherds and Angels
LUKE CHAPTER 2 COMMENTARY

Luke 2:8-12 Shepherds and Angels

LUKE 2:8-9  8 And there were shepherds living out in the fields in that region, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9 And behold, an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.

Where were the shepherds?
αγραυλουντες (agraulountes), the original Greek word translated, “living out in the fields” (Luke 2:8), starts with the root word αγρος (agros), which refers to a field cultivated for agriculture.

Why is that significant?
Shepherds with flocks of sheep could not enter crop fields during the spring or summer, lest the sheep eat the crops, and the winters are too cold for sleeping overnight outside. The time of the year when shepherds and their sheep could enter and stay in these crop fields was the fall, after the harvest, when farmers invited the shepherds into their fields with their flocks so that the sheep can “clean” their fields by eating the straw. This means Jesus was born in the fall, not in December.

Then why does the world celebrate Christmas on December 25th?
After the Roman Empire officially switched from paganism to Roman Catholicism in the 4th century AD, it re-branded a pagan holiday in late December as Jesus’ birthday.

Does paganism still affect how the world celebrates Jesus’ birth?
Christmas tree and its hanging ornaments, Santa Claus, mistletoe and yule log are all pagan entities parading as Christian tradition, and the “mas” in “Christmas” refers not to the birth of Jesus but to “mass,” the Roman Catholic “tradition” and practice of drinking the physical human blood and eating the physical human flesh from Jesus’ dead body (see I am the bread of life).

LUKE 2:10-12  10 Then the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for look, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people, 11 for there is born to you today in the town of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be the sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in the manger.”

What was the angel doing above?
Making an introduction of Jesus to the people on earth

Why make this introduction to shepherds?
Jesus is the “Lamb of God” (John 1:29). Who is more qualified than shepherds to welcome a lamb into the world?

Does the angel introduce Jesus as the “Lamb of God”?
No, as “Savior,” “Christ,” and “Lord.” (Luke 2:11)

What do they mean?
“Christ” means “the Anointed One” or “the Chosen One.” The penalty God mandated for sin is death (see Romans 6:23), and only Jesus was sinless and therefore could be “chosen” to pay the death penalty of others. Jesus is our “Savior” because He saved us from our sins and eternity in hell. And Jesus is our “Lord,” who is someone to be obeyed totally and unconditionally.

Do you totally and unconditionally obey the One you call, “Lord”?
 

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