John 7 Bible Study
Why did Jesus avoid Judea, the southern 1/3 of Israel?
The Jewish authorities, or "Jews", were concentrated in Jerusalem of Judea and "sought to kill Him". (John 7:)
Was Jesus afraid of them?
No, and He would eventually leverage them to bring about His crucifixion, but now was not the time.
What is the "Feast of Tabernacles" (John 7:2)?
Also known as the "Feast of Booths" because people lived in booths, tents and other makeshift shelters for 7-days, it was a feast God commanded the Jews to keep in order to commemorate God having led and provided for them for 40 years in the wilderness after freeing them from slavery in Egypt: "Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the LORD... You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.’” (Leviticus 23:33-34, 42-43) This feast was also called the "Feast of Ingathering" (Exodus 23:16) because it took place at the end of the harvest. So just as the land was full of food, the people were to remember that it is God who gave them food for 40 years in the desert, and it is God who still gives them their food. Since this feast is about 6 months after the Feast of Passover, about 6-months had elapsed since John chapter 6.
Who were Jesus' "brothers" (John 7:3)?
The sons Mary had with Joseph after she had given birth to Jesus, "her firstborn son." (Matthew 1:25)
What were their names?
"James, Joses, Simon, and Judas" (Matthew 13:55)
Did they believe in Jesus?
Acts 1:14 says that Jesus' disciples "all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers." So His brothers eventually became believers, and one of them, James, even became a Christian leader. But that's after Jesus' resurrection. Here, they "did not believe in Him" (John 7:5), considered Him to be an embarrassment to the family and are taunting Him to "Depart from here and go into Judea" (John 7:3) and "show Yourself to the world." (John 7:4)
Did Jesus say that He wasn’t going to go to the feast?
No, He said He wasn’t “yet” (John 7:8) going.
Why did Jesus go to Jerusalem "in secret" (John 7:10)?
The Jews were trying to kill Him and "sought Him at the feast." (John 7:11)
If Jesus came to die, why not get captured and killed?
He not only had to die, but die for the right reason at the right time. He still had 6 months to go for that.
What effect do you think His brothers going ahead had?
"There was much complaining among the people concerning Him." (John 7:12) And the Jews were asking, "Where is He?" (John 7:11) So when Jesus' brothers arrived in advance and spread the word that He wasn't coming to the feast, the Jews probably lifted whatever trap they may have laid for Jesus.
When He does arrive, does Jesus remain hidden?
No, He went right "into the temple" (John 7:14), whose large crowd could hear His message and make it tricky for the Jews to arrest Him without cause, "and taught" (John 7:14).
What kind of study do you think the Jews were referring to in John 7:15?
What did that consist of?
Aspiring rabbis had to memorize the first five books of the Old Testament - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy - by 13 years of age, then be tested by a rabbi for their memorized knowledge. Those who passed the test studied under the rabbi, often in rabbinic schools. Once they learned all that the rabbi could teach them, their rabbinic studies were deemed completed and they were ordained as rabbis with the authority to have and to teach their own disciples.
So what are the Jews implying?
Since Jesus wasn't taught under a rabbi, His doctrine must be something that He made up on His own.
How does Jesus respond in John 7:16-19?
His doctrine comes directly from God the Father, and those who truly seek after God instead of their own glory will recognize that. As for the Jews, they don't even keep the doctrines handed down through Moses since they're trying to kill Jesus in violation of the Commandment not to commit murder.
Why did the people think that Jesus had "a demon" (John 7:20)?
Unaware of their leaders' murder plot against Jesus, they thought He was paranoid or possessed for saying that there was a plot to murder Him.
What "one work" (John 7:21) that made them marvel is Jesus referring to?
The last time He was in Jerusalem, Jesus had healed by the pool of Bethesda a man "who had had an infirmity thirty-eight years." (John 5:5) Because this healing had taken place on the Sabbath, they had been angry with Him in their misperception that He had broken the Sabbath.
Why does Jesus bring up circumcision and judgment in John 7:22-24?
They had been wrong to be angry at Jesus for healing a man on the Sabbath when they themselves regularly circumcise 8-day old boys on the Sabbath in order to adhere to the commandment that Moses had recorded: "And on the eighth's day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised." (Leviticus 12:3) Jesus is reminding them that they had judged Him wrongly in the past, and were to "judge with righteous judgment" (John 7:24) this time.
Why does John 7:22 include the phrase, "not
that it is from Moses, but from the fathers"?
The "fathers" refers to the patriarchs who preceded Moses. God's command to circumcise doesn't start "from" Moses but from the first patriarch, which is Abraham: "This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised; and you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you. He who is eight days old among you shall be circumcised, every male child in your generations, he who is born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not your descendant." (Genesis 17:10-12)
By the way, do you know what molecules in the body enable blood to coagulate and clot over wounds?
Vitamin K and Prothrombin. Vitamin K induces the liver to produce Prothrombin, which enables blood to clot.
Any guess as to when the levels of Vitamin K and Prothrombin peak during a man's life?
8 days after birth.
When was this medical discovery made?
It was made and published in 1984 by Dr. S.I. McMillen (McMillen, S.I., M.D. (1984), None of These Diseases (Old Tappan, NJ: Revell)), or 3984 years after God told Abraham to circumcise on the 8th day. Scientific advances continue to explain God's logic and design expressed in the Bible.
Who vindicated Jesus' assertion of a murder plot?
Some in the crowd who were "from Jerusalem" (John 7:25), where the Jewish "rulers" (John 7:26) lived. Not everyone in the crowd were visitors for the feast. Some were locals to whom the murder plot apparently had leaked out, and who now wondered if the rulers' silence amounted to their recognition of Jesus as the "Christ" (John 7:26).
How many errors are in their statement in John 7:27?
What is one of them?
Their claim, "when the Christ comes, no one knows where He is from." (John 7:27) is false since the prophet Micah had prophesied that the "One to be Ruler" will come out of "Bethlehem" (Micah 5:2).
What is the other error?
Although Jesus was from Galilee, where they thought He had been born, His birthplace was Bethlehem.
Is that what Jesus tells them in John 7:28-29?
No, He skips over that and reveals His real origins, which isn't a place, but God the Father in heaven.
Why couldn’t they take Him?
"Because His hour had not yet come." (John 7:30)
Who will determine that hour?
By the way, why might God have had chosen a place called, "Bethlehem" as the
place of Jesus' birth?
"Bethlehem" in Hebrew literally means, "house" (beth) of "bread" (lechem), so the "bread of life" (John 6:48) came from the bakery.
What tipped the "Pharisees and the chief priests"
(John 7:32) into action?
The crowd starting to murmur if Jesus was the Messiah.
Who were the “officers” in John 7:32?
The Hebrew temple guards under their control, not the Roman soldiers.
How much longer is "a little while longer" in John 7:33?
Jesus would be on the cross at the next Passover, which is 6 months from this Feast of Tabernacles.
Where will Jesus go thereafter?
He will return to God the Father, who sent Him.
Where do the Jews speculate He may go?
To the Jewish communities dispersed in the Greek-speaking world outside of Israel.
When did Jesus already talk about coming to Him to drink water?
At the well in Sychar, to the Samaritan woman as described in John chapter 4.
But that was at a well. What about here? Why would Jesus
suddenly cry out about drinking water?
There was water here too. "On the last day, that great day of the feast,” (John 7:37) the priests walked around the altar 7 times while chanting Psalm 118:25 - “Save now, I pray, O Lord; O Lord, I pray, send now prosperity." - and then poured out water to symbolize the water Moses made to pour from the rock: "Then Moses lifted his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod; and water came out abundantly, and the congregation and their animals drank." (Numbers 20:11) Most likely, as the people watched the water being poured, Jesus stood "and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” (John 7:37-38)
When would the Holy Spirit be given?
At the Pentecost as described in Acts chapter 2.
What seems to have been the effect of Jesus' declaration in John 7:37-38?
Make the crowd question deeper. At least some are now talking about the Bethlehem prophecy.
Did the crowd keep the officers from arresting Jesus?
No, the Words He "spoke" (John 7:46) kept them from arresting Him.
Why is Nicodemus (John chapter 3) with the "chief priests and Pharisees"?
He is one of them - not a chief priest, but a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, the ruling council: "There was a man of the Pharisees named, Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews." (John 3:1)
What is he doing in John 7:51?
He is trying to stand up for Jesus by reminding them of the Jewish law that forbids condemning anyone until they have had a chance to speak for themselves.
How kindly do they accept his reminder?
Not kindly at all.
Was it true that "no prophet has arisen out of Galilee" (John 7:52)?
No, the prophet Jonah, for example, had arisen out of Galilee.
Based on John 7:50-52, what is the correct answer to the question in John 7:48?
Yes, at least one of them - Nicodemus - did believe.
What criterion for truth were they implying in John 7:48?
Whether or not the “learned” people believed it.
Is what you believe based on your own personal investigation of the Bible or what some "learned" person claimed about it? If the latter, should the destiny of your soul really be entrusted to someone else's opinion?