John 5 Bible Study

Bible study of John chapter 5

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John 5:1-13 Bible Study

John 5:14-25 Bible Study: Sin No More
John 5:26-39 Bible Study: Son of Man
John 5:39-47 Bible Study: Search the Scriptures
JOHN 5:1-2  1 After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2 Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches.

Any guess as to why the "Sheep Gate" (John 5:2) was called that?
This was the gate in Jerusalem through which the sheep were brought in to be sacrificed. It was on the eastern wall just north of the temple and is still there, although it has been renamed, "Stephen's Gate" in honor of the first Christian martyr whose death is described in Acts chapter 7.

How about the pool of "Bethesda" (John 5:2)?
"Bethesda" literally meant "House ('Beth') of mercy." The pool of Bethesda consisted of two adjoining pools with an overhead cover that was supported by five columns: four at the four corners and one in between the two pools. Skeptics of the Bible used the lack of archaeological evidence of the pool of Bethesda, mentioned only in the Gospel of John, to attack the accuracy of the Bible until the 19th century, when the pool was discovered in Jerusalem.

JOHN 5:3-9  3 In these lay a great multitude of sick people, blind, lame, paralyzed, waiting for the moving of the water. 4 For an angel went down at a certain time into the pool and stirred up the water; then whoever stepped in first, after the stirring of the water, was made well of whatever disease he had. 5 Now a certain man was there who had an infirmity thirty-eight years. 6 When Jesus saw him lying there, and knew that he already had been in that condition a long time, He said to him, “Do you want to be made well?” 7 The sick man answered Him, “Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up; but while I am coming, another steps down before me.” 8 Jesus said to him, “Rise, take up your bed and walk.” 9 And immediately the man was made well, took up his bed, and walked.

What was the man's ailment?
It isn't specified, but whatever it was, we can infer from John 5:8-9 that it made him unable to walk.

What do you think of the sick man’s answer?
Instead of answering Jesus' question, "Do you want to be made well?" (John 5:6), he tries to explain why he can't get healed and blames others.

What lesson can be drawn from John 5:8?
Don’t tell God 'how' He should help you. Just ask him to help you and to answer your request as per His perfect will.

JOHN 5:10-13  10 The Jews therefore said to him who was cured, “It is the Sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry your bed.” 11 He answered them, “He who made me well said to me, ‘Take up your bed and walk.’ ” 12 Then they asked him, “Who is the Man who said to you, ‘Take up your bed and walk’?” 13 But the one who was healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, a multitude being in that place.

Who are the "Jews" in John 5:10?
The reference isn't to the Jewish people in general but to the Jewish leaders.

What is peculiar about their reaction to the cured man?
Instead of expressing wonder and perhaps even joy that a man who had been sick for so long has been cured, they criticize him for carrying whatever he had been lying on.

What was wrong with the man carrying his bed on the Sabbath?
Let's start with a bit of history. Ever since God led the Hebrews out of Egypt, He spoke to them through judges, kings and prophets until about 400 BC, when His voice fell silent. The Jews panicked and tried to fill the void by fleshing out the Ten Commandments to cover every aspect of their lives. By the time Jesus came, these man-made laws had taken on a life of their own and veered far from the letter and the intent of the original Ten Commandments. For example, the sixth Commandments was: "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11). By the time Jesus came, there were no fewer than thirty-nine different categories of "work" and a dizzying array of do's and don'ts, especially on the Sabbath. For example, you could carry olive oil but not enough to have a meal with it. If you were cut on the Sabbath, you could bandage the wound closed but had to wait until the next day to put ointment in the wound. One of those rules apparently prohibited the removal of one's bed.

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